Education is the single greatest tool for achieving social justice and equality. Inclusive and Equitable education - while indeed an essential goal in its own right - is also critical to achieving an inclusive and equitable society in which every citizen has the opportunity to dream, thrive, and contribute to the nation” (NEP 2020, p. 24).
The NEP 2020 advocates barrier-free access to the teaching-learning process for all children with disabilities, in harmony with the RPwD Act 2016. With the "The Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act" passed in 2016, India legally recognized 21 disabilities (1. Blindness; 2. Low-vision; 3. Leprosy Cured persons; 4. Hearing Impairment; 5. Locomotor Disability; 6. Dwarfism; 7. Intellectual Disability; 8. Mental Illness; 9. Autism Spectrum Disorder; 10. Cerebral Palsy; 11. Muscular Dystrophy; 12. Chronic Neurological conditions; 13. Specific Learning Disabilities; 14. Multiple Sclerosis; 15. Speech and Language disability; 16. Thalassemia; 17. Hemophilia; 18. Sickle cell disease; 19. Multiple Disabilities including deaf-blindness; 20. Acid Attack victims; 21. Parkinson’s disease).
Apart from disabilities, under Socio-Economically Disadvantaged Groups (SEDGs), NEP (2020) recognizes four other identities-- gender identities (particularly female and transgender individuals), socio-cultural identities (such as Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, OBCs, and minorities), geographical identities (such as students from villages, small towns, and aspirational districts), and socio-economic conditions (such as migrant communities, low income households, children in vulnerable situations, victims of or children of victims of trafficking, orphans including child beggars in urban areas, and the urban poor). National Education Policy (2020) emphasizes developing UDL (Universal Design of Learning) based accessible teaching-learning material for promoting participation of students belonging to SEDG’s, studying in inclusive classrooms.
In coherence with NEP 2020, a lot of accessible content has been developed by CIET NCERT, following the principles of UDL, to provide educational e-Content to every nook and corner of the country through online as well as offline modes, and to sustain inclusive and equitable education. This e-Content is developed by a well-skilled and trained team of academicians, special educators, ISL experts, teachers, production team following a systematic procedures with internal checks and balances for delivering the quality end product.